The City of Islam, as it is rightly called, Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan. With a soaring population of about 2 Million people, it is one of the most populous in the country. By area, Islamabad stands as the ninth largest city, and with Rawalpindi being its neighbouring city, these two cities combine together to form an Industrial hub which is the major promoter of trade and commerce for the entire country as such. Since its induction as the capital, people from all over Pakistan have migrated to the capital city of Islamabad, to focus on increasing their trade or to seek employment opportunities. Being the capital, it also houses the Parliament house and other important structures such as the Presidential Palace and a couple of other National Monuments as well. Located in the Pothohar Plateau in the north east of Pakistan, lying within the Islamabad Capital territory, this city is a mixture of modern metropolis mixed with the charm of ancient structures which adds to the beautiful blend of the old and the new.
This city was developed in the 1960’s to transform the capital of Bangladesh from the city of Karachi to Islamabad, to meet up with the growing needs of the economy. The city of Islamabad is also home to one of the fourth largest mosque in the world, known as the Faisal Mosque. People from around the world consider this mosque to be a place of religious importance and thus a lot of travellers seek to visit this Mosque every year. This adds to the tourist economy of the country. Not only this, the city of Islamabad is regarded as the educational capital of the country and it is home to a number of famous universities such as the National University of Sciences and Technology, Quaid-i-Azam University, the Allama Iqbal Open University to name a few. As a matter of fact, the Allama Iqbal Open University is one of the universities in the world in which maximum number of enrolments are done. To add to the pride of the city, the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences is regarded as one of the largest hospitals in the whole of Pakistan.
The city has attained importance in the recent past as one of the most urbanised and cosmopolitan cities in the world. Some of the most important meetings in recent times such as the SAARC global summit have taken place in this city, which has put this city on the global map. This city is also an important part in the tourist map as it has a congenial climate. The subtropical climate is extremely favourable for agriculture as the hottest temperature reaches only 38 °C and even during time of heavy rainfall, the water is almost washed off immediately due to the fact that the city is 500 odd metres from the sea level.
The city is controlled by the Islamabad Capital Territory Administration, also known as the ICT. However, all the operations are not carried out by the ICT itself as the Capital Development Authority or the CDA also plays an important role in taking decisions. For administrative convenience, the city is divided into eight blocks and each block has its own importance. Planning has been put forth by the government to divide the city into different sectors and a competitive development plan has been devised for the same.
The architecture in Islamabad is much reckoned for and some of the historical monuments such as the Pakistan Monument and the Faisal Mosque are present here. The beauty of the Mughal Architecture is reflected clearly in each of these monuments and these monuments, when seen in the night under the beautiful lighting provided is an absolute treat to the human eye. Historically, this part of Pakistan is of much importance to the Indus Valley, Soanian and the Aryan civilisation. There are a lot of evidence which show the beautiful handicrafts and other structures left behind by these civilisations. Not only the old structures, but also the new facilities that are meant for the hospitals and colleges in Islamabad are to be talked about. The very fact that Islamabad has the highest literacy rate in the whole of Pakistan is a standalone example. With the number of Private and Public sector institutions taking education to a whole new level, the current age of education in Islamabad has certainly attained a boom.
The transportation facilities in Islamabad has to be talked about as well. The major airport being the Benazir Bhutto International Airport, this facility has reported more than 30,000 aircraft movement every year. However, due to the huge inflow of passengers every year, the Islamabad Gandhara International is being constructed and once fully finished, this airport will be the largest airport in the whole of Pakistan. Pakistan has always been a country which promotes sports. Islamabad is one city in Pakistan which has seen the rise of so many great athletes that the country has ever produced. A lot of multi-purpose sporting facilities have been built to make sure that the athletes have the correct atmosphere and facilities to bring glory to the nation.