When we talk about tourist’s spots in India, there is an endless list of monuments, gardens, temples, beaches and heritage sites. Inspite of this the list is so incomplete without mentioning about Taj Mahal, the heart of India. It is one of the most famous tourist’s spot of the world and it is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Taj Mahal is an Arabic word meaning ‘crown of palaces’. The Taj Mahal is said to be “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653 employing thousand of craftsmen and artisans. The principal mausoleum was completed in 1648 and the surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later. Lahauri was said to be its main designer.
The saga of beauty that it beholds is so true that we can just imagine by even getting a glimpse of it. It is considered as symbolic of love, trust and faith as it was built by Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved wife. So, it occupies a special place in the minds of every traveller that comes across it. It is situated in Agra in Uttar Pradesh. It is a wonderful work piece of Islamic Architecture. It consists of a tomb made in white marble throughout. The tomb represents the house of queen which is supposed to be located in Paradise, and it was well placed on the palace gardens of the great nobles that were lined both sides of the river located in Agra, India. Taj Mahal’s entire structure consists of complex buildings that give the ambience of mausoleum’s urban setting, its design and construction and its symbolic representation along with the history that it curtails each has a specific yet interesting background as well as meaning.
Taj Mahal was built by one of the rulers of the Mughal Dynasty named Shah Jahan who was very famous for building various other monuments and gardens across Delhi as he was very specific about adding beauty and giving a respite to nature. So, he ordered the construction of this beautiful monument, which was dedicated to his wife Arjumand Bano Begum popularly known as Mumtaz Mahal. The monument was constructed within 22 years and around 32 crore were spent in constructing this monument. Twenty thousand labourers were involved in constructing this absolutely mesmerizing building which was built according to Islamic architecture. The parameter of its beauty can be analysed by the fact that the king ordered to cut the hands and legs of all the labourers who constructed it so that they couldn’t construct any other equally beautiful architecture. It is one of the UNESCO world heritage site. Taj Mahal is truly an epitome of Mughal Art as Mughals are very famous for building monuments and they also helped in developing a rich culture in the North India. Ebba Koch, who was an important scholar, has been permitted to take measurements of the complex and has been working on various gardens and palaces of Shah Jahan for over thirty years and on the
Taj Mahal itself which, was the tomb of emperor’s wife, Mumtaz Mahal- for around a decade. The tomb is the main focus of the entire complex of this monument. This huge, white marble structure stands on a square plinth and consists of an equally symmetrical building with an iwan which is an arch shaped doorway topped by a large dome and finial. The basic elements like most of the other Mughal tombs have its origin from Persian. The base structure is essentially a large, multi-chambered cube which forms an unequal octagon that is approximately 55 metres on each of the four long sides. The construction consists of mainly white marble but some semi precious stones are also involved. The exterior decorations of the Taj Mahal are among the finest in Mughal architecture and the interior decorations shows features of Mughal heritage. In several other parts of the world artists have tried to construct it’s replica but all in vain as it is truly a single piece of masterwork. Taj Mahal attracts a lot of tourists from across the world.
According to a survey more than two million people from around the world visit Taj Mahal every year. Most tourists visit in the cooler months of October, November and February. It is also one of the new wonders of the world. From the time it was constructed, the building had been a source of admiration for its ecstatic beauty preserving the cultural aura and heritage of India. It is also attached emotionally with the felling of love and bond of trust and relationship. The grounds are open from 06:00 to 19:00 weekdays, except for Friday when the complex is open for prayers at the mosque between 12:00 and 14:00. The complex is open for night viewing on the day of the full moon and two days before and after. The beauty of this monument is totally unquestionable. So, just pack up your bag and take a soothing view of the wonder of the world with family and friends.