The STATUE OF LIBERTY is a sculpture situated on Liberty Island of New York Harbor, in Manhattan, New York City U.S.A. It was designed by ‘Frédéric Auguste Barthold’ and dedicated on 28 October 1886, as a gift from France to America. It is a symbol of friendship between the people of France and America. Today, the Statue of Liberty remains an enduring symbol of freedom along with democracy, and also as one of the world’s most recognizable landmarks.The French people were responsible for building statue and its assembly, where the Americans build the pedestal on which it would stand–and a symbol of the friendship between their people.
This statue was built after the American civil war and declaration of independence in 1876.To raise the fund for the statue, Bartholdi’s massive creation, titled “Statue of Liberty Enlightening the World,” . The statue depicting a women holding a torch and a tabula ansata (a tablet evoking the law) on which the date of the American Declaration of Independence, 4th July , 1776 is inscribed.A broken chain lies on the feet of statue denoting freedom.The statue is 151 feet 1 inch (46 meters) tall where the height from the ground to torch is 93 meters.
Bartholdi the designer of the statue of liberty was an architect as well as a major of militia. who fight for the French kingdom in Franco-prussian war in which he lost his home province of Alsace land to Prussia , he visited America with letters of introduction signed by Laboulaye. Arriving at the new york harbour Bartholdi saw Bedloe’s Island as a site for the statue. He was very pleased to know that the harbour came in American province, and he asked about his dream project to many influenced person there. Bartholdi visited President Ulysses S. Grant and he assured him that it would not be difficult to obtain the site for the statue.
The statue was built in France by Bartholdi and at the same time fund raising of fund taking place in America for pedestal, including contests, benefits and exhibitions . Until 1885 work on pedestal was affected by lack of fund. Joseph Pulitze a leading newspaperman at that time used his newspaper to raise fund and by his influence more than 120,000 peoples donated . The pedestal Designed by the American architect Richard Morris Hunt. The statue’s pedestal was constructed in the courtyard of Fort Wood,which was a fortress built for a war and located on Bedloe’s Island, off Manhattan in Upper New York.
Bartholdi asked for Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel, designer of Paris’ Eiffel Tower to create the skeleton on which the skin of cooper is placed.Bartholdi completed his work in 1885 and the statue was disassembled , loaded in more than 200 boxes and shipped to new york. Over next 4 month workers worked hard in assembling the statue and setting it on the pedestal. In 1892, the U.S. government established a federal immigration station on Ellis Island, located near Bedloe’s Island in New York Bay to record and control the tourist from all over the world. Between 1892 and 1954, 12 million tourist were tracked on Ellis Island for receiving permission to enter the United States.
From 1900-till date, more than 5000-10,000 people came to see and enjoy at this very place every day. peoples wandering near new york bay get a great welcome from the statue of liberty.. it is a welcoming symbol of freedom and democracy, for all those people coming to America for a new and better life. The statue was maintained by the United States Lighthouse Board till 1901 and then by the War Department. After 1933 it has been maintained by the National Park Service. The statue was closed for renovation and maintenance for some time in 1938. In the early 1980s, the statue copper skin was affected a lot by sunlight , water, wind, dust which creates green color, known as Verdigri and require a restoration of its affected parts. While the statue was closed from 1984 to 1986, the torch and affected parts of the structure were reconstructed. In 2001 after September 11 attacks, it was closed to ensure safety and security; the pedestal reopened in 2004 and the statue in 2009, with limits on the number of tourists were allowed to ascend to the crown and they must register themselves for this. The pedestal and some base part were closed for a year to construct secondary staircase and other safety system.
Public access to the balcony region of the torch has been banned for safety reasons since 1916.In 1956 Bedloe’s Island was renamed as liberty island.
The sculpture of Liberty quickly became a well-liked icon, featured in millions of posters, pictures, motion photos, and books. O. Henry story relates a fantastic speech communication between “Mrs. Liberty” and another statue; it patterned in 1918 Liberty Loan posters. throughout the Nineteen Forties and Fifties, pulp fantasy magazines featured woman Liberty enclosed by ruins or by the sediments of the ages. It’s been in dozens of motion photos, like the 1942 Sir Alfred Hitchcock motion-picture show Saboteur, that featured a climactic confrontation at the sculpture. Within the 1989 film Ghostbusters two, the ghostbusters use charged slime to bring the sculpture of Liberty to life so as to assist defeat the evil Vigo. Submerged within the sand, the sculpture provided the apocalyptic revelation at the top of Planet of the Apes. It absolutely was the topic of a 1978 University of Wisconsin-Madison prank within which woman Liberty seemed to be standing submerged in an exceedingly native lake. It’s appeared on big apple and New Jersey license plates.