Gran Torre Santiago (Grand Santiago Tower in English) which was previously known as Torre Gran Costanera is a 64-story tall skyscraper located in the capital of Chile, Santiago. The building is currently the tallest in Latin America. The construction of the building began in the year 2006. The building is still under construction as of April 2014 and will be completed in the very same year. The estimated cost of the building is around US$495 million. It is estimated that once the building is complete it will be the tallest building in the whole of southern hemisphere with its only competition being the Q1 which is located in Gold Coast, Australia. The building upon completion would also just surpass the height of Eureka Tower situated in Melbourne, which is the second tallest building in Australia but the tallest building to roof in Australia.
Upon completion the Gran Torre Santiago will have 64 stories and will stand tall at an astounding height of 300 meters (980 feet) with additional 6 basement floors. Upon completion of the tower there will be nearly 700, 000 square meters of building space available which would have been built on 47, 000 square meters of land. The chief architect of this building is Cesar Pelli and the structural engineering is done by the Chilean company René Lagos y Asociados Ing. The building will have as many as 24 lifts or elevators. The building is quite resistant to earthquakes as the building is located in Chile which lies on the Pacific Ring of Fire and is quite prone to earthquakes. The building was successful in withstanding the powerful force of an 8.8 º Richter earthquake which devastated several parts of central and southern Chile, the tower did not face any structural damage as well in doing so.
Timeline of Construction
The construction of this building began in the year 2006 and the expected time of completion of the building was 2010 but the construction had to be put on hold because of the global financial crisis of 2008 and 2009. The construction then resumed in December 2009. In November 2010 when the building reached the 205 meters landmark the building became the tallest building in Chile when it overtook the neighboring Titatanium La Portada. When the building reached the 226 meters landmark it then became the tallest building in the whole of South America by taking over the twin towers of Parque Central Complex situated in Caracas, Venezuela which stand tall at a height of 225 meters to the roof.
The Costanera Center is basically the center or region where Gran Torre Santiago lies or is actually a part of. The costanera center which aims to become a mini-city will have a mall and three other skyscrapers apart from Gran Torre Santiago. It will also have supermarkets, shops, 2 five-star hotels, a helipad, leisure places and a medical facility, making the center one of the largest commercial and business complex in Santiago. The complex is located in the commune of Providencia, Santiago, Chile, and is owned by the holding Cencosud. Another skyscraper in the complex will be 170 meters high. The construction of the whole complex came to a pause in the year 2009 due to the economic slowdown. The developers were worried that they will not be able to find tenants if the complex and Gran Torre Santiago in particular get completed by the originally proposed completion date.
The mall of this complex is the largest mall in South America. The mall opened on 12 June, 2012 and is Designed by Canadian retail agency Watt International. The mall has 6 floors and a supermarket by the name of Jumbo. Apart from the three Chilean departmental stores, namely, Paris, Falabella and Ripley the mall also has shops and showrooms of some of the top brands in the world like Zara, Hugo Boss and Guess. The mall also includes a variety of restaurants, ranging from Fast food restaurants to fine dining. The mall has a gym on its 6th floor. Apart from that the mall has a cinema theater and holds the tag of having the country’s first Hard Rock Café. The mall also brags of being the first mall in South America to use the “Find Your Car” parking technology by Park Assist. So all in all, the mall does have a lot of things to support its tag of “Largest mall in South America”.
Titanium La Portada
Situated very close to the Gran Torre Santiago is another iconic landmark called as the Titanium La Portada. The building is located in the high-end financial district of Santiago and holds the record for being the second tallest building in Chile. The construction of the building started in January 2007 and the building was fully constructed by January 2010. Before November 2010 this gorgeous building was the tallest in the country until Gran Torre Santiago stole the title from it. The building has 55 floors and stands tall at a roof height of 194 meters. Like Gran Torre Santiago, this building has been made quite resistant to earthquake by anchoring it 50 meters below the ground.