The Amazon Rainforest is the largest tropical Rainforest in the world, covering over five and a half a million square kilometers and is being the home for many wildlife creatures.It is a home for almost one-third of all species, the Amazon Basin is the planet’s greatest reserve of all the life forms,it is home for many species which are not found any where else in the world.Although exact numbers are not known, the basin may contain up to one million plant species Almost over two-thirds of the fresh water that is present on the earth is found within this Amazon basin.Over 20% of the earth’s oxygen is produced here itself.The Amazon is made up of a mosaic of ecosystems and vegetation types including Rainforests, seasonal forests, deciduous forests.The Amazon forest stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the tree line of the Andes in the west.
The Amazon Rainforest has been continuously inhabited for at least 10, 000 years and even more.The Forest area was formed during the Eocene era after temperatures had dropped around the world as the Atlantic Ocean had widened, paving the way for a warm and wet climate.The earliest inhabitants in this area were stone-age peoples, living in hundreds of far-flung tribes, some tiny, others numbering in the tens of thousands. It was from the west that Europeans explorers first arrived.According to the scientists, the Amazon Rainforest was created millions of years ago when the Amazon River changed direction from west to east.This forest has a history of at least 55 million years old. After the extinction of the dinosaurs, the climate got even wetter and the Rainforest grew as far south as the 45-degree latitude. The Amazon River itself was “discovered” by a Spanish explorer and conquistador.
The Amazon Rainforest,which is also known as the Amazon Jungle is located in South America in an area known as the Amazon River basin.It covers an area of 7 million square kilometers.The forest covers several countries,out of which Brazil and Peru holds the largest portion of this Rainforest.The Smaller portions exist in countries like Venezuela, Colombia, French Guiana, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, and Suriname.Amazon Rainforest is located in the upper section of Brazil south of the Equator. The Amazon River is located 2 to 4 degrees south of the Equator.Because of this the temperature around this is humid and wet.
Wildlife in Amazon Rainforest:
The Amazon Rainforest is the largest home for wildlife,Here we can find tiny insects to huge predators, it’s a vast and interconnected web of life.And there are all naturally provided facilities to all type of species to survive.It is home for 60% of the wildlife species which is about one tenth of the wold’s species.Till now we can find at least 40,000 plant species which makes the rain forest looks like huge monster green covered on the land,It contains 427 mammals species including familiar forest mammals such as raccoons, bats, mice, deer and otter iconic rain forest mammals, such as jaguars, spider monkeys, black howler monkeys, anteaters and armadillosit also has strange and unique mammals such as capybara, freshwater dolphin, tapirs, peccaries, sloths and agouti,it comprises huge bird life about 1,300 birds species like harpy eagle, toucan and hoatzin and many more,378 reptiles species like boa and it also contains more than 400 amphibians like dart poison frog and many others.With around 3,000 freshwater fishes including the piranha have been found in the Amazon itself.
People and Communities:
More than 30 million people, including 350 indigenous and ethnic groups,live in the Amazon Forest area and these people depend on the natural resources that are available in abundant amount for agriculture, clothing and traditional medicines. Most live in large urban centers, but all residents depend on the Amazon’s natural bounty for food, shelter and livelihoods.However we can find thousands of distinct ethnic groups with their own distinctive language and culture that even remain today in tropical Rainforests around the world.Most of the tribal people don’t ever go to school like us,indeed they learn about the forest areas from their ancestors and few people in their communities.They learn about hunting,fishing and they also learn about the medicines available in those forest areas and how it must be used.
Destruction of Amazon:
Destruction of the Amazon Rainforest has increased almost about one third in the past year, reversing a decade-long trend of better protection for the world’s greatest Rainforest.Till now in this Rainforest the destruction cleared the area larger than 200 football fields.The worst year in which most of the destruction of the forest area took place is 2004,about 27,000 sq km of forest was destroyed.The increase in deforestation was largely caused by the expansion of farming areas and the development of infrastructure projects.
Travel to Amazon Rainforest offers the opportunity to breathe in some of the purest air on the planet and see some of the world’s most amazing birds and animals.We can have a look from the bullet ants to tarantulas, jaguars to capybaras, piranhas to giant river otters, capuchins to howler monkeys and much more.This is a must visit place by everyone in his life time and can have best memories in his life spending in this adventures Wildlife.Houses and cottages are also available for tourists near the forest area.