It is a stunning,breath taking natural formation of volcanic rocks right on the shore line.The most characteristic and unique feature of the Giant Causeway is the exposure of about nearly 40,000 large polygonal shaped columns,that are regularly shaped of basalt in perfect horizontal sections,together forming a pavement.It is one of the World’s Great Wonders’ that brings the combination together being most amazing man made structures and natural creations from across the globe.It is a Unesco World Heritage Site and one of TripAdvisor’s 10 most dramatic landscapes on the planet.From the cliff-top Giant’s Causeway Coastal Path overlooking the iconic pillars of the Causeway,this geological wonder suddenly seems smaller than the shadow it casts in heritage and culture.
During the year 1693 an academic paper by Richard Bulkeley from Trinity College,Dublin,revealed the Giant’s Causeway to the world.Around 60 million years ago the land in this place was different from what we are seeing now.The climate was warmer and vegetation thrived.Tectonic plates were moving between Europe and North America were moving apart.At that time the Magma from deep inside Earth spewed through cracks in the surface and Lava flowed through these mountain slides.After that the Magma cooled when it came into contact with air and rock, hardening into basalt.After several years has passed again the earth cracked opened and more lava forced its way out.But this time,the lava cooled slowly and evenly in a deep pool.Cracks traveled through the cooling rock, creating the columns we see stretching up and making the honeycomb pattern that we can see today.It took about millions of years of erosion for the columns to get revealed.The sea level use to fell and rose again and again.
Location and approach:
The Giant’s Causeway is located in Antrim Country on the northeast coast of Northern Ireland,about 4.8 km northeast of the town of Bushmills.The Giant’s Causeway and Visitor Center is located on the B147 Causeway road.It is 11 miles from Coleraine and 13 miles from Ballycastle.There is a service called park and ride that runs every 20 minutes from Bushmills village and that facility is available to the visitors only during the months of March to October.There are also many bus services available for the tourists to reach their favourite destination.Train services are also available,regular train services operate from Belfast or Londonderry to Coleraine.From there we have to catch a bus to Giant’s Causeway.Few of the tourists like to travel their destination by cylce they can catch the route no.93 of the National Cycle Network in Northern Ireland that runs round the coast from Newry to Ballycastle via Bangor and Belfast.
Along with the Causeway coast the Giant’s Causeway is now rated as a UNESCO World heritage site and is recognized as an area of exceptional natural beauty.The sea with huge swells roll in from the Atlantic,and pockets of sunshine highlight the changing navy blues and emerald greens of the coastal waters.The polygonal shaped rocks vary from 38 to 51 cm in diameter and measure up to 25 meters in height.Before the famous coast road was built the visitors used to complain about the ruggedness of the trip.But apart from their complain there was one shining compensation on the journey to Giant’s Causeway,the town where tourists made their last stop was Bushmills.Since 1608 saddle-sore travelers had been revived with magnums of the King’s whiskey at the world’s oldest distillery, which is still in business.This dramatic sight has inspired legends of giants striding over the sea to Scotland.The cliff exposures and Causeway stones,which are key attributes of the property,are being protected by The National Trust.
This is a best stop to anyone who wish to travel northern Ireland.The walk down through the Giant’s Causeway is gorgeous and the formations are just so cool and it will be fun to walk over.The ocean waves crash down on the rocks leaving spray that looks spectacular and it will make kids laugh and scream!
Here we can find around fifty resident and thirty migrant species,including species of the auk and cormorant families.Not only bird species but also we can find about two hundred plant species including seashore, cliff, grassland, scrub, heathland and marsh types.During the year 1883,the first hydro-electric tramway was opened between Portrush and Bushmills and was extended in 1887 to the Causeway Head,so that it became the attraction of the area and providing easy access to the Causeway.
There are four stunning walking trails at the Giant’s Causeway.Recently upgraded,all are colour coded and awash with breathtaking views of jagged cliffs and bays lashed by wind and waves.There is a new accessible cliff top walk for families and people with disabilities.
Eating and shopping:
In Giant’s Causeway we can enjoy a selection of local tasty food and refreshments in the new Visitor Centre cafe.We can have a quick cappuccino and a muffin or a more wholesome bowl of traditional Irish stew or the delicious North Coast Seafood Chowder,we can also check the vegetarian specials.the menu is sure to have something to tempt you.There we can have free accessible wifi too.