London is the capital City of England and United Kingdom. It is the cultural Capital of the world. It is the centre of arts, culture, finance, education, fashion, commerce, media and healthcare. It is one of the most populous and finest cities of the world. Trafalgar Square is the heart of the London City. Your visit to London is incomplete without visiting Trafalgar Square. It is the perfect place to understand the cultural and people of London. It is built around the area known as Charing Cross. It was named after the battle of Trafalgar fought between the British navy and the Napoleonic army. Trafalgar Square is situated in the borough of the City of Westminster and is owned by the Queen in the right of the throne and managed by the Greater London Authority.
Trafalgar Square is famous for its rich history, statues and sculptures. It is home to various historical features like Nelson’s Column which lies in the centre surrounded by four lion statues. It has something to offer to everybody in every season. It is the perfect place for new and upcoming artists to showcase their talent. It is a circular plaza surrounded by roadways on three sides and the National Gallery on another. Trafalgar Square was once famous for the thousands of pigeons which gathered there and it was one of the attractions of the place to feed them. But those pigeons caused a lot of mess, thus now it is prohibited to feed pigeons in that area. This area is packed with world class museums, beautiful parks, shops, restaurants and everything best London has to offer.
The Trafalgar Square honours the greatest British Naval Commander, Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson. In 1805, he took 27 naval ships against 33 naval ships of French and Spanish and was victorious against an enemy of superior strength without losing a single ship. He was the hero of the battle of Trafalgar and it was his, this victory which turned the tides of the Napoleonic war and prevented the invasion of England. He was honoured for his bravery in this decisive battle by placing his statue on top of 151 foot granite column at the centre of Trafalgar Square. Nelson’s Column was designed by the architect William Railton. The column is surrounded by four huge lion statues. These lion statues are casted by bronze and they appear to be guarding the column.
The Forth Plinth is another major attraction of the Trafalgar Square. It was originally intended to hold a statue of William IV but the project could not be completed due to insufficient funds. It is now used for temporary display of artworks. It is as much loved site of Trafalgar Square as the Nelson’s Column and the lions. The exhibition of artwork here started with Ecce Homo by Mark Wallinger (1999), Regardless of History by Bill Woodrow (2000) and Monument by Rachel Whiteread (2001). A waxwork of David Beckham was also displayed here for a short time being in 2002. Recently, the pregnant, nude body of disabled artist Alison Lapper by Marc Quinn was also on display in the Square. At present, a high blue sculpture of cockerel by Katharina Fritsch is installed on the Fourth Plinth.
The National Gallery is an art museum in Trafalgar Square founded in 1824. It has a collection of 2300 painting ranging from the mid13th century to 1900. The entry to the main collection of the gallery is free of charge. The paintings belong to the public of the United Kingdom. It is the fourth most visited museum in the world. Holbein’s ‘The Ambassadors’, ‘The Hay Wain’ by Constable and Jan Van Eyck’s ‘Arnolfini Marriage’ are few of the greatest works of The National Gallery. This is the place to witness top quality art work which showcases different styles and fashion of art of different eras.
Trafalgar Square is also used for organizing many events. It has been a venue of many political demonstrations. The authorities had tried to ban such activities and in their effort to do so, they had built fountains in 1839 to reduce the free space in the square and hence prevent overcrowding of the area. The Christmas Ceremony in the Trafalgar Square since 1947 had always been spectacular and one of the main attractions of the place. Every year, the capital of Norway, Oslo presents the largest Christmas tree to express gratitude for the support of England during world- war 2.The lighting ceremony of the giant Christmas tree makes the Trafalgar Square, the most famous square of London.
While roaming around the area, you will have indefinite opportunities to shop and dine. Having dinner or lunch once in the Thai Square Group is a must when you are visiting this place. The restaurant is decorated with beautiful Thai artifacts and it will make your trip memorable by its healthy Thai cuisine. After the delicious dinner, you can enjoy your night in the nearby night club. 12 temple place is also one such delicious fantasy which serves British Cuisines with local sourced ingredients. Trafalgar Square is also famous for different festivals that are celebrated according to different months. Festivals like Chinese New Year, St. Patrick’s Day and even Indian festivals like Diwali and Vaisakhi are celebrated with great enthusiasm. Festivals like these are celebrated with much fun and excitement ti cherish the cultural diversity of London.