One of the politest, most livable and friendliest cities in the world Vienna is a place for some old-fashioned talk and romance. The city which lies almost in the heart of Europe is one of its most celebrated, decorated and sophisticated cities. The city is the capital of Austria and is the largest city of the country by virtue of its population as well as size. It is also the cultural, economic, political and music heartland of Austria and the second largest German speaking city in Europe. Vienna or Wien is considered to be the ‘City of Dreams’ by virtue of it being the city of birth of the Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud as well as the ‘City of Music’ due to its marvelous musical legacy which is still carried out in the underground cult-status music stores and in of course the more sophisticated Philharmonic Orchestra. The city of Vienna has consistently topped international ranking for being the most livable city in the world a status it has been able to retain this year too.
Like many other big cities in Europe Vienna have a history and a much decorated one at that. The city which was formed in the low-lying region of the Danube was home to humans from the Paleolithic Ages with the Celtic Tribes being the dominant race. The Romans were the first to establish the city in its current place as a military garrison to keep an eye on the ever-invading Germanic tribes. In the coming centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire in the 4th century A.D the region in and around Vienna became home to many Irish Monks who established monasteries throughout the region some of which have stood the test of time. By the 10th century A.D the Babenberg Dynasty started ruling the region under the Duchy of Austria and by the 12th century A.D Vienna was under its control and soon became their capital.
The 15th century marked the start of a glorious period in the city’s history which continued on till the first half of the 20th century, because at this time the Habsburg Dynasty came to power in Vienna. It was the de facto capital of the Holy Roman Empire from the 15th century till the 18th century at which time it enjoyed the status of being the cultural and musical center f Europe, set standards of class and courts in the continent as well as functioned as an influential center of arts and sciences. With the fall of the Holy Roman Empire the city became capital to another great empire known as the Austrian Empire in 1804, in 1867 the Austro-Hungarian Empire was conceived with Vienna as its capital. During the whole century Vienna remained the focal point of culture, arts and music with the beginning of the First Viennese School of Music. The city saw massive development during this time which dominates the city’s classical landscape today. In 1919 Austria became a republic with Vienna as its capital.
Vienna is divided into 23 districts in a circular formation with the first district forming the bull’s eye of the city. The first district houses most of the earliest remains of the city with the castle and the fort and is thus the heart of the city. The first district is encircled by a ring formation boulevard which has on its corners some of the biggest and most famous building of Vienna such as the Town Hall, the Parliament, the Hofburg Palace, the State Opera House, the Natural History Museum and the Museum of Art History. The Second District Leopoldstadt is kind of an island on the Danube River which has thich forested but also famous neo-Baroque architecture. The third district, Landstradt, is the shopping area of Vienna with very nice shopping markets such as Landerstradt and Hopstradt, you can also get a taste of the 20th century housing project which are famous for their architecture. The sixth district of Mariahilf houses most of the modern aspects of the city with neighborhoods full of bars and Bohemian haunts along the Gumpfendorfer Stadt and also the most popular shopping street in Vienna the Mariahilferstardt.
Getting into Vienna is now hassle as the Vienna International Airport connects you to almost all the major cities in the European Union and other continents. It is also connected by road, train and bus with most of Europe. Getting around in the city is also no hassle with a well developed public transportation system including metro, buses, tram, taxis and like any other European city through bicycles. Vienna and its people are considered to still have the hangover of the eras gone by as the people here still talk with the utmost courtliness, politeness and civility, they are considered to be very formal at the same time being very modern and forward looking. The city is the capital of music and being here one should not miss a chance to visit the opera to a get a taste of great music. If one happens to visit the city during carnival time make sure to visit the famous Balls that happens at the most exotic locations around the city. Vienna with its class, culture and sophistication is truly the imperial city of Europe.