Evarglades National Park is well-known and most famous park in America.It is one of the park to be preserved for its natural beauty in America not only for its nature but for its biological resources.It is the largest park for its sub-tropical wilderness reserves preserved in North American continent.
The Evarglades is situated on the southern part of the Floridan peninsula about nearly 20 miles to the east of Biscayne National Park.This consists of an area about 2,357 square miles where 20% of the area is covered by wet land.This is just an one hour drive from the Miami.The park is surrounded with 1.5 million acres of tropical and subtropical habitats which consists of the world’s unique diverse ecosystems.
The Everglades has been inhabited for more than 10,000 years even when it is not discovered.Nearly,4,000 years ago the food supplies like fish,land animals,plants supported a great growth in its population.At 1513,Europeans arrived here when Ponce de Leon was exploring for some medicinal portions in Florida and later he was killed.Later in 1500,the two groups fought between each other where one group were fishermen and the other ate shellfish.Later the Indian people,fishermen were eliminated by the diseases caused by Spanish like tuberculosis ,polio.Later ,that area was isolated for 300 years and Indians came but again they were moved back.Eventually,the Whited begin to settle the coastal areas in 1880′s who maintained their living through cultivation.fishing,hunting.
Later in 1832,J.J.Audubon visited and observed that this place has an amazing variety of birds and he made efforts to save them from hunters and his efforts were fulfilled in 1901 due to the law of prohibition of hunting.In 1916,This area was established as a Royal Palm State Park due to women clubs and in 1934 ,it has been treated as the National Park from where it has been named as International Biosphere Reserve,a Wetland(Ramsar Site) of International Importance and a World Heritage Site.It is declared as national park on 6th December 1947 under the 1934 May act of Congress
The Everglades safely protects about 800 species of land and water vertebrates,which includes 14 threatened species,25 mammals ,over 400 bird species,60 reptile species with also 2 threatened swallowtail butterfly species.Over 20 snake species are reserved including the dangerous indigo snake.Also,more than 275 species of fish are reserved in this park.It attracts the numerous visitors to the park.During autumn,some migrant birds and songbirds fly which is like a procession to watch.
The tourists may not expect this type of geographical beauty which is very amazing sight.These are simple but unique.This park is surrounded of saw grass marshes,mangrove swamps(wetlands),hardwood hammocks,lakes,Florida Bay.The park is famous for its animal life like alligators,and birds and some distinct endangered species.
As this park is located along the path of avian migratory routes,birding is a popular activity.This park is a diversity home and is one of the world’s truly unique ecosystem.
The Everglades is a very shallow and slow current river,just up to fifty miles wide,the River of Grass forms as Lake Okeechobee overflows its bank to the Southern Florida plains.This subtropical Everglades contains a field of 220,000 acres of sugarcane within its boundaries which is nearly half of the canes produced in United States of America which is really an amazing fact.The Everglades of Florida is thee only area in the world where alligators and crocodiles exist together.It contains more than 2,000 alligators in the alligator farm.The trip to this farm is done through air boats of the surrounding river where a walking trail is there so that we can view alligators,crocodiles,caimans ,local and non-native snakes and an wildlife shoe every hour.This is probably an attraction we probably shouldn’t miss.
The park contains nearly 200 archealogical sites.The Miccosukee tribe of Florida has a special permit in the park as the park’s northern boundary is retained by those people.They guarded the walls such that they are not destroyed due to battles.
The park consists of several tourist attractions like air boat rides,safari restaurants,wildlife shows and jungle walkways,private tours which are really exciting to watch.It brings relief to the visitors with enjoyment where they can enjoy them also become astonished for the unique wonders present in this park.
The hurricanes occurred in South Florida destroyed the area known as Flamingo in Everglades National Park.All infrastructures like the visitor center,lodge,restaurant and cabins were damaged. NPCA is working on it for its redevelopment to enhance the visitor’s experience and restore the natural habitats of the America’s sole Everglades.
This amazing National Park is really a beauty to the earth which is highlighted for its bio resources,wildlife,plants,birds and its special tourist attractions like bird watching,air boat rides,alligator farms,wildlife shows,This really is a n amazing experience which enlightens our moods with joy just by watching its beauty.It really is a lifetime experience which cannot be forgotten.