Cape Town city is the provincial capital of the Western Cape. The city is also the governmental capital of the country. In South Africa it is ranked as the second most popular city (first is Johannesburg). The city is situated on the shore of the Table Bay. Originally the city was developed by the Dutch East India Company. They used the city as a station for the sailing of the Dutch ships towards India, East Africa and the Far East. On 6th April 1952 a permanent settlement was recognized in South Africa by Jan van Riebeeck. The city grew to become the cultural and economic heart of the Cape Colony.
Cape Town was the largest city in South Africa until the establishment of Johannesburg and Witwaterstand Gold Rush. Today, the city is the destination of many expatriates and immigrants of South Africa. Thus, we can call the city a multicultural city. The city is very famous for its landmarks which are Cape Point and Table Mountain, its harbor and its natural sights in the Cape Floral Kingdom. According to the figures recorded in 2011 its metropolitan area has a population of 3.74 million. The International Council of Societies of Industrial Design named the city as the “World Design Capital” in 2014.
The view of Cape Town’s “City Bowl” from the Table Mountain is quite enduring. The Table Mountain is 1,000m high and flat topped with a thin layer of clouds over its top. You can call the Table Mountain an island itself. Other two famous locations Devil’s Peak and Lion’s Head are located on the two sides of the Table Mountain. This is like icing on a cake. And this is the reason why this central area of Cape Town is called the City Bowl. The City Bowl can be viewed from the Lion’s Head also. It is the must visit place of Cape Town. The City Bowl area is encircled by Table Bay and the whole area is naturally amphitheatre shaped. Even the mountains of Devil’s Peak, Lion’s Head, Signal Hill and Table Mountain define this area. You will find many other central business quarters in the same areas which are Zonnebloem, Company’s Gardens, Woodstock, Vredehoek, Schotschekloof, Higgovale, Bo-Kaap, Walmer Estate, De Waterkant, Tamboerskloof, District Six and the University Estate. Thus, if you want to visit each and every famous place of Cape Town all you need to do is to enter the City Bowl area.
In the south there is Cape Peninsula which is a picturesque hilly spine spreading 25m towards the Atlantic Ocean and this spine ends at Cape Point where there are about 70 peaks. The Cape Flats is a large plain which is the home of many suburbs of the city. These Cape Flats are 50km in the east and they actually bound the mainland to the Peninsula. The Cape Flats are actually the expansion of the lowland regions. The place where the Cape Flats is located has very grimy geology and the place is known as the Rising Marine Plain. In terms of its uneven mountain ranges, inland valleys, widespread coastline, semi desert fringes and Mediterranean ambiance the place is very much similar to Southern California.
The summers of Cape Town which last from December to March are quite warm and dry. And the winters will be moderately wet and mild. Significant precipitation and strong winds will be there in the winters which last from June to August end. In the late spring season there blows strong winds which are named “Cape Doctor” because it blows all the air pollution away.The level of biodiversity is very high in the Cape Town city. Around 2,200 different species of plants and 19 different vegetation types are curbed in the Table Mountain. Many of these species are confined to the Table Mountain only and cannot be found in any other regions.
Any other continental area across the world of equivalent size doesn’t have that much concentration of endangered species as Cape Town did. Some small leftovers or extinct plants survive on sports fields or pavements or on road sides. There are over 30 natural reserves in Cape Town which are protecting the ecosystems of the city. The Table Mountain National Park is among them. The unique location of the Cape Town at the conjunction point of unique and different soil types is the reason behind this epic species diversity and macro-climates. In whole there are 67 endemic plants and 1200 plant species in the whole United Nations which is very less in comparison to Cape Town’s Table Mountain.
There are many suburbs in Cape Town. These suburbs are because of the distinct geographic features of the city. These features actually divide the city into some groupings of suburbs which are commonly known by the people. The number of suburbs is equal to the number of districts which lie outside South Africa. There are many suburbs that share common characteristics of culture and language and are even developed together historically. The Cape Flats, Durbanville Hills, the Table Mountain and its neighboring peaks are the main diamonds of Cape Town’s urban geography. So we can say that Cape Town is one of the most loved cities where one can live in, work in, invest in, play in and especially visit in whenever one wants.