We have all have originated from its magic, it has for centuries given us our livelihoods, our food and the scenic splendor which we all so love to adore, this thing I am talking about is known in common parlance as Nature. There are only a few places left on our planet which can take us back to that era when planets, animals and mankind use to live in perfect harmony, an era in which nature was above everything, an era where one could revel in the breathtaking beauty of nature then in the concrete jungles of today and one such place is Serengeti. A land full of wonders, wild, beauty, authenticity and innocence, Serengeti is perhaps one of the greatest gifts to mankind by lord.
One of the oldest ecosystems of the world this treasure is located in the bosom of Eastern Africa covering the great lands of the Masai now identified by the countries of Tanzania and Kenya. The ecosystems which includes within itself the Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, the Loliondo, the Maswa Game Reserve, Grumeti and Ikorongo conservation area and the Masai Mara National Reserve in south-western Kenya. Out of these, leaving out the Masai Mara National Resreve, the rest lie in the country of Tanzania spanning some 30,000 square kilometers. When the Europeans had started discovering the inner expanses of the African continent from the late 14th century onwards all that they ever saw were the dry and arid lands of the eastern Africa and were largely unaware of a land known at that time as Masai Land or Masai Mara.
It was in the early decades of the twentieth century, 1913 to be more precise that a white known by the name of Stewart Edward White, an American hunter, who had set out from Nairobi on a hunting trip. He was heading southward through the dry, burning lands when suddenly he saw trees and greenery and the great white had accidentally stumbled upon Serengeti in his own words described it as “Paradise”. Since his discovery many people when on great exploration trips through the wilds of the Serengeti, mesmerized at each step by the beauty, greenery and splendor of this amazing piece of land which later came to be known as paradise to many world over. The land is largely inhabited by the great warrior tribes of the Masai, who had earlier kept the Europeans out of this land for centuries. The Masai never hunted the animals of the place and have great respect for the nature and environment of the place leaving a life largely based on cattle breeding. The Masai called it Siringitu meaning the “the land that forever moves” which ultimately led to the naming of the region as Serengeti.
Serengeti in many ways holds the keys to understanding the system, the process of nature as well as the origin of our very species the remains of which have been found in the region. The ecosystem of the Serengeti is one of the most complex and oldest in the world, the climate, vegetation, fauna and flora of the region has not changed in the millions of years of its existence making it the oldest such virgin system to survive in the world. The place which is brimming with natural wonders, beautiful surroundings, colorful plants and ravaging beasts is a testament to how beautiful our environment is and what it can give to us. Serengeti is famous for its pattern of life which has remained unchanged for time as old as the hills in the region and one of those patterns is the Great Migration which has made Serengeti famous world over.
In the month of October and November millions of wild beasts and some 200,000 odd Zebras travel from the north of the continent to these beautiful plains in search of the short rains that drench the region, from there they swirl westwards and again north during the months of April, May, and June during the long rains. This habit of migrating from the north to the south and again to the north in the millions of mammals of the continent has been continuing for millions of years now, so strong is there instinct to move that when the Tanzanian government tried to stop their movement with the help of barbed wire fences they broke through it in order to reach their ‘paradise’.
Home to Lions, Elephants, Rhinos, millions of mammals, some of the rarest species on the planet, some of the oldest plant systems and the great hills Serengeti is a paradise in every sense of the word not only for the lovers of nature, beauty and adventurers but also for the tourists who come in this part of the world and entrench themselves in the awesomeness that is Serengeti. One can see so much through the world famous safari of the Serengeti National Park and the Masai Mara National Reserve in Tanzania and Kenya respectively. Today the Serengeti region has been developed in a sustainable manner to provide tourists the optimum comfort while at the same time conserving the originality of the region as well minimizing the interference with the biosphere.