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Life on Islands: Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Life on Islands: Andaman and Nicobar Islands

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The juncture of the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal has a group of islands across it. The islands were previously referred to as graveyards of Martyrs. By then they were just some hills which are found to be extending from Myanmar to Indonesia. But now the islands are a Union Territory of India and are known as the Andaman and Nicobar islands. The island resides in Indonesia, 150 km in the north of Aceh. The Andaman Sea is responsible for the separation of the territory from Burma and Thailand. The Andaman and the Nicobar Islands are separate islands on the north and the south respectively as the Andaman Sea is in the east and the Bay of Bengal is in west. 8,073 km2 is the approximate land area of the Andaman territory whose capital is a town named Andamanese town, Port Blair. And Car Nicobar (also known as Malacca) is the name of the capital of the Nicobar Islands. After the independence of India in 1947 and Burma in 1948, the British empire decided to take over the two islands: Anglo-Indians and Anglo-Burmeseon under their empire but the deal was never finalized and in 1950 the islands were finalized as the parts of Indian Union and finally in 1956 they were declare as a Union Territory. The range of the islands is from 92 degree to 94 degree East and 6 degree to 14 degree North latitudes. A 150km wide channel separates the Nicobar group from the Andaman group. This channel is known as the Ten Degree Channel. The topmost point is the Saddle Peak in the North side of the Andaman Island. This peak is about 2,402 feet (about 732m) above the surface of ground. The river named the “Hooghly River” is 901km away from the Andaman and Nicobar groups.



A very famous event of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands was the 2004 Tsunami. The island comes under the category of those places which are close to the epicenter of the underground earthquake. The islands were destroyed by the 26th December 2004 tsunami. The tsunami was very high and was followed by an Ocean earthquake. The homes are devastated and people became homeless. The dead bodies of more than 2,000 people were found. The worst thing that happened in Andaman and Nicobar islands was the inundation of the “Indira Point” in the ocean. The Indira Point actually lies at the southern tip of the Great Nicobar (which is the southernmost island).  A large amount of the area was still submerged in the ocean. The number of survivors was quite less. The whole image of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands during the 2004 Tsunami can be seen in the above picture. It can be seen that the impact of the tsunami was very devastating. Because of this tsunami in 2004 the number of tourist visits was very less in 2005.this lead to some loss in money and it also demoralized the investors and even the people of the island. But after this event new evacuation plans were set up and now the island is quite safe. Some pre-tsunami evacuation plans and small scale tourist infrastructure has been developed in the areas which are highly prone to the natural disasters. But still there is need of improvement and it will take some time to completely revive the facilities and damage that was done by the tsunami. Despite of the dangerous events that happened there, the islands are still very glorious and untouched when it comes to the natural beauty and the unmapped marine life of the island.


Today, the people who are living in the islands of Andaman and Nicobar are the descendants of those who were living there before the beginning of colonial rule or the mainland settlers. They live around the capital (Port Blair) on South Andaman. They are living on a group of 572 small tropical islands (among them 36 are inhabited) which is very green and beautiful because of its lavish forests with unique wildlife. The sun always beams on the outlandish flora and fauna on the islands. This sight will surely take ones breath away. 86% of the area of the island is covered with forests where many deer, gecko crab-eating macaque, wild boar and pythons can be found roaming around.

There are striking white beaches which are a home to turtles. But the main diamond point is the marina life. The ocean will leave you spellbound with its shinning and clear blue waters, the myriad living beings that are living in the ocean from years and the incredible corals. People from many places visit these islands for some adventurous activities like fishing and scuba diving. If anyone wants to get close to the nature and wants to have a closer look on the marine life then scuba diving is a must thing to go for.  Thus, a young adventurous tourist will return home with full satisfaction. Tourism in Andaman and Nicobar Island is rising continuously because of the recent Tourist Infrastructure Developments. If you are going to visit these islands you are definitely going to have a good and lifetime experience.

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