Moscow is the capital of Russia and the commercial, political, economic, scientific and cultural centre of Russia and also in Eurasia. Moscow has the biggest community of billionaires of the world as stated in Forbes 2013. It is most populous city on the entire continent of Europe and fifth largest in the world. The city is 860 years old and is now one of the most iconic cities in the global world. It is located on the river Moskva and is thus named Moscow. It lies in the Central Federal District of Russia. The place has acquired a number of nicknames over time: the Third Rome, the Whitestone One, the First Throne, the Hero city, etc. The city is called Forty Forties which means 40 churches.
When you visit Moscow as tourist, you must know that the heart of the city is ‘Red Square’. It has St. Basil’s Cathedral, Lenin’s Mausoleum, State History Museum and Kremlin’s Long walls of bricks in the four directions around it. The name does not imply that the cobbles of this square are in; in fact, they are black in color. The name red Square is taken from a gloss of the word “Krasniy” which means beautiful. In the centre of the Red Square, we have Lenin Mausoleum which was built in the honor of Vladimir Lenin who insisted on not making any monuments for him.
The St. Basil’s Cathedral is a very famous landmark in Moscow. This is the first place that any tourist must go to. It looks like a place from some fairyland and seeing stand in front of you will take your breath away. It was built under Emperor Tsar Ivan IV in 1554-1560 to honor the Kazan Khanate. According to a legend, the king Tzar ordered to blind all the architects because he did not want them to build this beautiful thing anywhere else on this earth. The Cathedral is a masterpiece in itself and is the most beautiful place in Moscow. There are in all nine altars laid on a single foundation which is incredible. After the cathedral, you should go to “The Kremlin”. It is the symbol of whole Russia and is one of the oldest parts of the city. It is literally the centre of the Russian State as the President lives here. It is a part of the UNESCO world heritage and so is the Red Square. These places were added to the list of world heritage in 1990. It is a giant site and worth all your time. A lot of museums and cathedrals are located inside the Kremlin. There is a Diamond collection inside the Armory Chamber looking at will make you stunned. There are many churches around this place which are very beautifully constructed such as Cathedral of Annunciation, Cathedral of Archangel, Patriarch’s Chambers, Cathedral of Assumption, Church of Deposition of Robe, Archeology of Moscow Kremlin, etc. make sure you visit this place on days other than Thursday.
Bolshoi Theatre is a very famous place and most popular theatre in Moscow. There are around 3 to 4 different operas and 2 to 3 different ballet shows every year. The most presented are the classical masterpieces of Verdi, Wanger, Mozart, Tchaikovsky, etc. This place represents the world famous Russian Ballet which is the core of Russian culture. If you want to visit only one museum in Moscow, then go to the Tretyakov Gallery which is one of the greatest museums of the world. This place has a collection from worldwide but mostly Russian art, icons, pieces and antiques with an overall collection of 130,000 art works and Russian antiques. Another museum in Moscow is Pushkin Museum which is dedicated to the western art and all the Impressionist or post-Impressionist art having more than 500,000 art pieces since the opening of the museum in 1912. Apart from art and architecture, the true spirit of old Moscow can be seen in the streets around the Arbat. The Old Arbat Street is the street with a lot of vendors, tourists, artists, cafes, lousy restaurants, etc. offers you to see the old Moscow and how things worked during that time.
The most interesting thing you will find in Moscow is the metro station. All the metro stations of Moscow are referred to as ‘The Underground Palaces’. Metro stations have become a tourist attraction monument and no longer for travelling from one place to the other. There are some stations which were built before war and they prove the industrialization of Russia and the ones that were built post-war are a sign of victory and pride for Russia. The metro stations were started in 1935 with first one at Sokolnicheskaya. The metro stations were built by thousands of people some of whom were labourers and others were patriotic citizens who used to dig tunnels with shovel and pickaxes which are now-a-days replaced by modern machinery.
Another most beautiful landmark in Moscow is the Ostankino Tower which is the television and radio tower and is a free standing structure. It is the tallest structure in complete Europe with a height of 540.1 meters and it is ranked 8th in the world’s tallest buildings. The tower was built in 1967 to mark the 50th anniversary of the historical October Revolution. For 9 years, it was the tallest building in the world which was then changed in 1976 after the construction of CN Tower in Toronto, Canada. Other places are the Novodevichiy Convent which is a UNESCO heritage site, Kolomenskoe Estate which was residence of Ivan the Terrible, and there are many other historical places, many parks and many churches.